By DRGP Biology
Science is the systematic study that creates, builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations. The word 'science' is derived from a Latin word 'scientia', which means 'to know'. Science is a process that is used to answer the question about nautre. Science is a body of knowledge derived from observations and experiments, which are directed to determine the principles underlying what is being studied.
Steps of scientific method
- Formation of Hypothesis
- Testing of Hypothesis
- Developing theory
It is simply the ability to notice something, keeping records and finding out answer for questions framed by the observer.
Formulation of Hypothesis
The next requirement is to develop a number of potential explanations or hypothesis based on the observation.
After developing hypothesis, we need to test the hypothesis. Generally, the scientists carry out an experiment for testing one or more hypothesis. Experiment helps to reject or accept the hypothesis.
If the repeated experiments to test a hypothesis of the prediction give the same result again and again the hypothesis gains validity. A hypothesis that survives repeated tests over a long period of time and that has central importance to an area of science, know considered as a theory.